Bentheim Castle

History of Castle Bentheim

The origins of Castle Bentheim cannot be documented on the basis of historical sources. Bentheim received a first early mention in the year 1020, when Count Otto of Northeim was cited as owner of the Castle at the time he married Richenza, the daughter of the Count of Werl. The Counts of Werl were one of the most influential dynasties in Westphalia.

This was the time of the investiture struggle, when many of the Westphalian lords stood on the side of Pope Gregory VII, and thus, in opposition to Emperor Heinrich IV. Otto of Northeim was one of the highest-ranking Saxon aristocrats, whom Empress Agnes invested with the Duchy of Bavaria as a fief in 1061. However, together with other powerful lords of the Empire, he soon joined forces against Agnes and her son, Heinrich IV. Together with Archbishop Anno of Cologne and Adalbert of Bremen, he was one of the most formidable opponents of Emperor Heinrich IV.

The Castle Lords

Approx. 1020

Count Otto of Northeim
(from 1061 on, Duke of Bavaria)

1116

Count Lothar of Süpplinburg
(Duke of Sachsen, 1125-1137 Emperor)

subsequently

Count Otto of Salm-Rhieneck

1146 - 1190

Fief of the Utrecht Archdiocese

1190 - 1370

The hereditary rulers of Bentheim
as a branch line of the Counts of Holland

1370 - 1421

The Lords of Güterswyk (by right of inheritance)

1421 - 1753

The Counts of Bentheim (by right of inheritance)

1753 - 1804

The Electorate of Hanover (redemption from pawn)

1804 - today

The Counts, beginning in 1817, Princes of Bentheim
and Steinfurt (by right of inheritance)

But first things first...

The Rise of the Counts of Bentheim

 

 

 


Das frühromanisch Steinkreuz "Herrgott von Bentheim" zählt zu den frühesten Christusdarstellungen in Mitteleuropa.


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